Trauma is any injury caused during physical activity, accidents, sports, or other activities. Sports trauma or sports injuries refer to injuries specifically caused while playing indoor or outdoor sports and exercising. Sports trauma can result from player clashes, accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations.
The Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a major stabilizing ligament in the knee which may tear with certain manoeuvres of the knee while playing sports. The ACL has poor ability to heal and if injured may cause continued instability. Other common sports injuries in the knee are cartilage damage and meniscal tears. Although most sports injuries can be treated with non-surgical methods, some may require surgical intervention that can be performed using open surgical or minimally invasive technique. Your surgeon will recommend physical therapy to strengthen your muscles, improve elasticity and improve the movements of the bones and joints.
The most common treatment recommended for injury is rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).
- Rest: Avoid activities that may cause injury.
- Ice: Ice packs can be applied to the injured area which will help to diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin.
- Compression: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this.
- Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.
Some of the measures that are to be followed to prevent sports-related injuries include:
- Follow an exercise program to strengthen the muscles.
- Gradually increase your exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise.
- Ensure that you wear properly-fitted protective gear such as elbow guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouthguards, and pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports activity which will help to reduce the chances of injury.
- Make sure that you follow warm up and cool down exercises before and after sports activity. Exercises will help to stretch the muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries.
- Avoid exercising immediately after eating a large meal.
- Maintain a healthy diet which will nourish the muscles.
- Avoid playing when you are injured or tired. Take a break for sometime after playing.
- Learn all the rules of the game you are participating in.
- Ensure that you are physically fit to play the sport.
- ACL Tears
- Articular Cartilage Injury
- Fractures of the Patella
- Fractures of the Tibia
- Jumper's Knee
- Knee Arthritis
- Knee Fracture
- Knee Injury
- Knee Pain
- Knee Sports Injuries
- Knee Sprain
- Ligament Injuries
- Meniscal Injuries
- Meniscal Tears
- Multiligament Instability
- Multiligament Knee Injuries
- Patella Fracture
- Patellar Dislocation
- Patellar Instability
- Patellar Tendinitis
- Patellofemoral Instability
- Runner's Knee
- Unstable Knee